In the PatCVT a sprocket or gearwheel (actually an idler) is intermeshed with "teeth" on both spans of the V-belt.
The displacement of the center of the sprocket varies positively the transmission ratio:
enabling various "modes" of operation:
The lever that holds the sprocket is released to pivot freely about the cross; the CVT runs automatically under the control of a variator in the one conical pulley and of a spring / torque cam in the other conical pulley.
A control spring pushes the lever towards the conical pulley with the spring / torque cam; the CVT continues to run "fully automatic", but it selects shorter transmission ratios.
For green, quiet, reliable, comfortable operation.
The control spring pushes the lever towards the variator's conical pulley; the CVT continues to run "fully automatic" (as in the "Drive Mode"), but it selects longer transmission ratios.
The rider / driver displaces "manually" the lever about the cross to select any transmission ratio from the available infinity, regardless of what the "variator / spring / torque cam" command.
By locking the lever at a number of discrete positions, the CVT replicates a manual gear box.
In all modes the sprocket acts as a "baffle roller" (drive belt tensioner), too.
The available space inside the CVT of many scooters (like, for instance, the Sport-City Aprilia 250cc, below) is more than what the PatCVT needs:
How it works?
With the sprocket engaged with the toothed-V-belt as in the animation, the sprocket divides the V-belt in two parts (one at left of the sprocket and another at right of the sprocket), with each part maintaining its length constant.
The move away of the center of the sprocket from the one conical pulley causes the decrease of the effective diameter the V-belt is running on this conical pulley, and the increase of the effective diameter the V-belt is running on the other conical pulley.
The "cogged" V-belts in the scooter CVT's are not true "toothed" belts (or "synchronous" belts); however their manufacturers have the "know how" to immediately produce real "toothed" V-belts for CVT's at similar prices.
The following drawing shows the general case a conventional V-belt "variator" CVT is modified to PatCVT:
The PatCVT can be used without a variator, too.
In such a case each conical pulley has its own spring to keep its two halves close to each other:
here without the "front" conical pulley halves:
and here in an orthogonal view:
Such a version can be used in bicycles, for instance.
Or in machines and equipment (milling machines, laths, drills, blenders etc) wherein a wide range of transmission ratios and an easy / direct control over the transmission ratio are mandatory.